How dangerous is heart disease in India?
Heart disease is a major public health concern in India, with a high burden of both non-communicable and communicable forms of heart disease. According to a report by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), the prevalence of heart disease in India is high, with an estimated 29.8 million people suffering from it in 2016. This number is projected to increase to 34.5 million by 2025. The report also states that heart disease is responsible for about 15% of all deaths in India. The high burden of heart disease in India is due to a combination of factors, including a rapidly aging population, increasing rates of obesity, and high levels of tobacco use and air pollution.
Different types of Heart Disease:
There are many different types of heart disease, but some of the most common include:
Coronary artery disease (CAD): This occurs when the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart become narrowed or blocked, leading to chest pain or a heart attack.
Heart valve disease: This refers to problems with one or more of the heart’s valves, which can make it harder for the heart to pump blood.
Heart failure: This occurs when the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs.
Cardiomyopathy: This refers to diseases of the heart muscle that make it harder for the heart to pump blood.
Arrhythmia: This refers to any abnormal heart rhythm, which can be caused by a variety of factors, including heart disease.
Atherosclerosis: This refers to a build-up of plaque in the arteries, which can lead to blockages and increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.
Rheumatic heart disease: This is caused by untreated strep throat or scarlet fever.
Pulmonary heart disease (cor pulmonale): This occurs when the right side of the heart has to work harder to pump blood through the lungs, which can be caused by conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and sleep apnea.
These are some of the most common types of heart disease, but there are many others as well, and some of them are rare. It’s important to note that many people have more than one type of heart disease.
How to prevent heart disease?
There are several things you can do to reduce your risk of heart disease:
Eat a healthy diet: Eating a diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein, and low in saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, and added sugars can help lower your risk of heart disease.
Exercise regularly: Regular physical activity can help improve heart health by strengthening the heart muscle, lowering blood pressure, and reducing the risk of obesity. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise, such as brisk walking, cycling, or swimming, on most days of the week.
Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese can increase your risk of heart disease. Losing weight, if you are overweight or obese, can help lower your risk.
Don’t smoke or use tobacco: Smoking and using tobacco can damage the heart and blood vessels, increasing your risk of heart disease. If you smoke, quitting is the best thing you can do for your heart health.
Limit alcohol consumption: Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can raise blood pressure and increase the risk of heart disease.
Manage stress: High-stress levels can lead to an increased risk of heart disease. Finding healthy ways to manage stress, such as through meditation, yoga, or exercise, can help reduce your risk.
Control your blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels: High blood pressure, high cholesterol, and high blood sugar can all increase your risk of heart disease.
Get enough sleep: Lack of sleep can increase the risk of heart disease. Aim for 7-9 hours of sleep per night.
Get regular check-ups: Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can help detect and treat risk factors for heart disease early before they cause serious problems.
It’s important to note that these are some general guidelines, you should consult with your healthcare provider for personalized recommendations, especially if you already have heart disease or other health conditions that increase your risk for it.